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What are classes and classifications in trademarks?

Products (“goods”) and services are organised by CIPC according to specific categories, or “classes.” If you wish to use a trademark to cover more than a single product or service, and those products or services fall into more than a single class (for example, motorcycles and clothing) additional fees are required for each additional class. CIPC numbers its classes, and each number corresponds to a named category, as below.

Classification is complex - trademarks may need to be filed in more than one class and conflicting classes should be factored in.

Please note that the terms in the class headings or short titles of the classes are generally too broad to be used alone as your actual description of products or services. Depending on the results of your comprehensive search, we may need to restrict the description of the goods or services

Product (“Goods”) Classes
Class 1: Chemical Products
Class 2: Paint Products
Class 3: Cosmetics & Cleaning Products
Class 4: Lubricant & Fuel Products
Class 5: Pharmaceutical Products
Class 6: Metal Products
Class 7: Machinery Products
Class 8: Hand Tool Products
Class 9: Computer and Software Products & Electrical and Scientific Products
Class 10: Medical Instrument Products
Class 11: Environmental Control Instrument Products (lighting, heating, cooling, cooking)
Class 12: Vehicles & Products for locomotion by land, air or water
Class 13: Firearm Products
Class 14: Jewelry Products
Class 15: Musical Instrument Products
Class 16: Paper and Printed Material Products
Class 17: Rubber Products
Class 18: Leather Products (not including clothing)
Class 19: Non-Metallic Building Material Products
Class 20: Furniture Products
Class 21: Houseware and Glass Products
Class 22: Ropes, Cordage and Fiber Products
Class 23: Yarns & Threads
Class 24: Fabrics & Textile Products
Class 25: Clothing and Apparel Products
Class 26: Lace, Ribbons, Embroidery and Fancy Goods
Class 27: Floor Covering Products
Class 28: Toys & Sporting Goods Products
Class 29: Meat and Processed Food Products
Class 30: Staple Food Products
Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products
Class 32: Light Beverage Products
Class 33: Wines & Spirits (not including beers)
Class 34: Smoker’s Products


Service Classes
Class 35: Advertising, Business and Retail Services
Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
Class 38: Communication Services
Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
Class 40: Treatment and Processing of Materials Services
Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
Class 42: Computer & Software Services and Scientific Services
Class 43: Restaurant and Hotel Services
Class 44: Medical & Beauty Services and Agricultural Services
Class 45: Personal, Legal and Social Services